Protocol Definition

For the old school Spike-style static protocol definition format, see static protocol definition functions. The non-static protocol definition described here is the newer (but still somewhat experimental) approach.

See the Quickstart guide for an intro to using boofuzz in general and a basic protocol definition example.

Overview

Requests are messages, Blocks are chunks within a message, and Primitives are the elements (bytes, strings, numbers, checksums, etc.) that make up a Block/Request.

Example

Here is an example of an HTTP message. It demonstrates how to use Request, Block, and several primitives:

req = Request("HTTP-Request",children=(
    Block("Request-Line", children=(
        Group("Method", values= ["GET", "HEAD", "POST", "PUT", "DELETE", "CONNECT", "OPTIONS", "TRACE"]),
        Delim("space-1", " "),
        String("URI", "/index.html"),
        Delim("space-2", " "),
        String("HTTP-Version", "HTTP/1.1"),
        Static("CRLF", "\r\n"),
    )),
    Block("Host-Line", children=(
        String("Host-Key", "Host:"),
        Delim("space", " "),
        String("Host-Value", "example.com"),
        Static("CRLF", "\r\n"),
    )),
    Static("CRLF", "\r\n"),
))

Request

boofuzz.Request(name=None, children=None)[source]

Top level container. Can hold any block structure or primitive.

This can essentially be thought of as a super-block, root-block, daddy-block or whatever other alias you prefer.

Parameters
  • name (str, optional) – Name of this request

  • children (boofuzz.Fuzzable, optional) – Children of this request, defaults to None

Blocks

boofuzz.Block(name=None, default_value=None, request=None, children=None, group=None, encoder=None, dep=None, dep_value=None, dep_values=None, dep_compare='==', *args, **kwargs)[source]

The basic building block. Can contain primitives, sizers, checksums or other blocks.

Parameters
  • name (str, optional) – Name, for referencing later. Names should always be provided, but if not, a default name will be given, defaults to None

  • default_value (Any, optional) – Value used when the element is not being fuzzed - should typically represent a valid value, defaults to None

  • request (boofuzz.Request, optional) – Request this block belongs to, defaults to None

  • children (boofuzz.Fuzzable, optional) – Children of this block, defaults to None

  • group (str, optional) – Name of group to associate this block with, defaults to None

  • encoder (callable, optional) – Optional pointer to a function to pass rendered data to prior to return, defaults to None

  • dep (str, optional) – Optional primitive whose specific value this block is dependant on, defaults to None

  • dep_value (Any, optional) – Value that field “dep” must contain for block to be rendered, defaults to None

  • dep_values (list, optional) – Values that field “dep” may contain for block to be rendered, defaults to None

  • dep_compare (str, optional) – Comparison method to apply to dependency (==, !=, >, >=, <, <=), defaults to None

boofuzz.Checksum(name=None, block_name=None, request=None, algorithm='crc32', length=0, endian='<', ipv4_src_block_name=None, ipv4_dst_block_name=None, *args, **kwargs)[source]

Checksum bound to the block with the specified name.

The algorithm may be chosen by name with the algorithm parameter, or a custom function may be specified with the algorithm parameter.

The length field is only necessary for custom algorithms. When using your own custom checksum function, the return value should be the calculated checksum of the data.

Function signature: <function_name>(data_bytes). Returns a number represented as a bytes type.

Recursive checksums are supported; the checksum field itself will render as all zeros for the sake of checksum or length calculations.

Parameters
  • name (str, optional) – Name, for referencing later. Names should always be provided, but if not, a default name will be given, defaults to None

  • block_name (str) – Name of target block for checksum calculations.

  • request (boofuzz.Request, optional) – Request this block belongs to

  • algorithm (str, function def name, optional) – Checksum algorithm to use from this list, default is crc32 (crc32, crc32c, adler32, md5, sha1, ipv4, udp). See above for custom checksum function example.

  • length (int, optional) – Length of checksum, auto-calculated by default. Must be specified manually when using custom algorithm, defaults to 0

  • endian (chr, optional) – Endianness of the bit field (LITTLE_ENDIAN: <, BIG_ENDIAN: >), defaults to LITTLE_ENDIAN

  • ipv4_src_block_name (str, optional) – Required for ‘udp’ algorithm. Name of block yielding IPv4 source address, defaults to None

  • ipv4_dst_block_name (str, optional) – Required for ‘udp’ algorithm. Name of block yielding IPv4 destination address, defaults to None

  • fuzzable (bool, optional) – Enable/disable fuzzing of this block, defaults to true

boofuzz.Repeat(name=None, block_name=None, request=None, min_reps=0, max_reps=25, step=1, variable=None, default_value=None, *args, **kwargs)[source]

Repeat the rendered contents of the specified block cycling from min_reps to max_reps counting by step.

By default renders to nothing. This block modifier is useful for fuzzing overflows in table entries. This block modifier MUST come after the block it is being applied to.

Parameters
  • name (str, optional) – Name, for referencing later. Names should always be provided, but if not, a default name will be given, defaults to None

  • block_name (str, optional) – Name of block to repeat

  • request (boofuzz.Request, optional) – Request this block belongs to, defaults to None

  • min_reps (int, optional) – Minimum number of block repetitions, defaults to 0

  • max_reps (int, optional) – Maximum number of block repetitions, defaults to None

  • step (int, optional) – Step count between min and max reps, defaults to 1

  • variable (Boofuzz Integer Primitive, optional) – Repetitions will be derived from this variable, disables fuzzing, defaults to None

  • default_value (Raw) – Value used when the element is not being fuzzed - should typically represent a valid value, defaults to None

  • fuzzable (bool, optional) – Enable/disable fuzzing of this block, defaults to true

boofuzz.Size(name=None, block_name=None, request=None, offset=0, length=4, endian='<', output_format='binary', inclusive=False, signed=False, math=None, *args, **kwargs)[source]

Create a sizer block bound to the block with the specified name.

Size blocks that size their own parent or grandparent are allowed.

Parameters
  • name (str, optional) – Name, for referencing later. Names should always be provided, but if not, a default name will be given, defaults to None

  • block_name (str, optional) – Name of block to apply sizer to.

  • request (boofuzz.Request, optional) – Request this block belongs to.

  • offset (int, optional) – Offset for calculated size value, defaults to 0

  • length (int, optional) – Length of sizer, defaults to 4

  • endian (chr, optional) – Endianness of the bit field (LITTLE_ENDIAN: <, BIG_ENDIAN: >), defaults to LITTLE_ENDIAN

  • output_format (str, optional) – Output format, “binary” or “ascii”, defaults to binary

  • inclusive (bool, optional) – Should the sizer count its own length? Defaults to False

  • signed (bool, optional) – Make size signed vs. unsigned (applicable only with format=”ascii”), defaults to False

  • math (def, optional) – Apply the mathematical op defined in this function to the size, defaults to None

  • fuzzable (bool, optional) – Enable/disable fuzzing of this block, defaults to true

boofuzz.Aligned(name=None, modulus=1, request=None, pattern=b'\x00', *args, **kwargs)[source]

FuzzableBlock that aligns its contents to a certain number of bytes

Parameters
  • name (str, optional) – Name, for referencing later. Names should always be provided, but if not, a default name will be given, defaults to None

  • modulus (int, optional) – Pad length of child content to this many bytes, defaults to 1

  • request (boofuzz.Request, optional) – Request this block belongs to

  • pattern (bytes, optional) – Pad using these byte(s)

  • fuzzable (bool, optional) – Enable/disable fuzzing of this block, defaults to true

Primitives

boofuzz.Static(name=None, default_value=None, *args, **kwargs)[source]

Static primitives are fixed and not mutated while fuzzing.

Parameters
  • name (str, optional) – Name, for referencing later. Names should always be provided, but if not, a default name will be given, defaults to None

  • default_value (Raw, optional) – Raw static data

boofuzz.Simple(name=None, default_value=None, fuzz_values=None, *args, **kwargs)[source]

Simple bytes value with manually specified fuzz values only.

Parameters
  • name (str, optional) – Name, for referencing later. Names should always be provided, but if not, a default name will be given, defaults to None

  • default_value (Raw, optional) – Raw static data

  • fuzz_values (list, optional) – List of fuzz values, defaults to None. If empty, Simple is equivalent to Static.

  • fuzzable (bool, optional) – Enable/disable fuzzing of this primitive, defaults to true

boofuzz.Delim(name=None, default_value=' ', *args, **kwargs)[source]

Represent a delimiter such as :,r,n, ,=,>,< etc… Mutations include repetition, substitution and exclusion.

Parameters
  • name (str, optional) – Name, for referencing later. Names should always be provided, but if not, a default name will be given, defaults to None

  • default_value (char, optional) – Value used when the element is not being fuzzed - should typically represent a valid value.

  • fuzzable (bool, optional) – Enable/disable fuzzing of this primitive, defaults to true

boofuzz.Group(name=None, values=None, default_value=None, encoding='ascii', *args, **kwargs)[source]

This primitive represents a list of static values, stepping through each one on mutation.

You can tie a block to a group primitive to specify that the block should cycle through all possible mutations for each value within the group. The group primitive is useful for example for representing a list of valid opcodes.

Parameters
  • name (str, optional) – Name, for referencing later. Names should always be provided, but if not, a default name will be given, defaults to None

  • values (list of bytes or list of str) – List of possible raw values this group can take.

  • default_value (str, optional) – Value used when the element is not being fuzzed - should typically represent a valid value, defaults to None

  • encoding (str, optional) – String encoding, ex: utf_16_le for Microsoft Unicode, defaults to ascii

  • fuzzable (bool, optional) – Enable/disable fuzzing of this primitive, defaults to true

boofuzz.RandomData(name=None, default_value='', min_length=0, max_length=1, max_mutations=25, step=None, *args, **kwargs)[source]

Generate a random chunk of data while maintaining a copy of the original.

A random length range can be specified. For a static length, set min/max length to be the same.

Parameters
  • name (str, optional) – Name, for referencing later. Names should always be provided, but if not, a default name will be given, defaults to None

  • default_value (str or bytes, optional) – Value used when the element is not being fuzzed - should typically represent a valid value, defaults to None

  • min_length (int, optional) – Minimum length of random block, defaults to 0

  • max_length (int, optional) – Maximum length of random block, defaults to 1

  • max_mutations (int, optional) – Number of mutations to make before reverting to default, defaults to 25

  • step (int, optional) – If not None, step count between min and max reps, otherwise random, defaults to None

  • fuzzable (bool, optional) – Enable/disable fuzzing of this primitive, defaults to true

boofuzz.String(name=None, default_value='', size=None, padding=b'\x00', encoding='utf-8', max_len=None, *args, **kwargs)[source]

Primitive that cycles through a library of “bad” strings.

The class variable ‘fuzz_library’ contains a list of smart fuzz values global across all instances. The ‘this_library’ variable contains fuzz values specific to the instantiated primitive. This allows us to avoid copying the near ~70MB fuzz_library data structure across each instantiated primitive.

Parameters
  • name (str, optional) – Name, for referencing later. Names should always be provided, but if not, a default name will be given, defaults to None

  • default_value (str) – Value used when the element is not being fuzzed - should typically represent a valid value.

  • size (int, optional) – Static size of this field, leave None for dynamic, defaults to None

  • padding (chr, optional) – Value to use as padding to fill static field size, defaults to “x00”

  • encoding (str, optional) – String encoding, ex: utf_16_le for Microsoft Unicode, defaults to ascii

  • max_len (int, optional) – Maximum string length, defaults to None

  • fuzzable (bool, optional) – Enable/disable fuzzing of this primitive, defaults to true

boofuzz.FromFile(name=None, default_value='', filename=None, max_len=0, *args, **kwargs)[source]

Cycles through a list of “bad” values from a file(s).

Takes filename and open the file(s) to read the values to use in fuzzing process. filename may contain glob characters.

Parameters
  • name (str, optional) – Name, for referencing later. Names should always be provided, but if not, a default name will be given, defaults to None

  • default_value (str) – Default string value

  • filename (str) – Filename pattern to load all fuzz value

  • max_len (int, optional) – Maximum string length, defaults to 0

  • fuzzable (bool, optional) – Enable/disable fuzzing of this primitive, defaults to true

boofuzz.Mirror(name=None, primitive_name=None, request=None, *args, **kwargs)[source]

Primitive used to keep updated with another primitive.

Parameters
  • name (str, optional) – Name, for referencing later. Names should always be provided, but if not, a default name will be given, defaults to None

  • primitive_name (str) – Name of target primitive.

  • request (boofuzz.Request) – Request this primitive belongs to.

  • fuzzable (bool, optional) – Enable/disable fuzzing of this primitive, defaults to true

boofuzz.BitField(name=None, default_value=0, width=8, max_num=None, endian='<', output_format='binary', signed=False, full_range=False, *args, **kwargs)[source]

The bit field primitive represents a number of variable length and is used to define all other integer types.

Parameters
  • name (str, optional) – Name, for referencing later. Names should always be provided, but if not, a default name will be given, defaults to None

  • default_value (int, optional) – Default integer value, defaults to 0

  • width (int, optional) – Width in bits, defaults to 8

  • max_num (int, optional) – Maximum number to iterate up to, defaults to None

  • endian (char, optional) – Endianness of the bit field (LITTLE_ENDIAN: <, BIG_ENDIAN: >), defaults to LITTLE_ENDIAN

  • output_format (str, optional) – Output format, “binary” or “ascii”, defaults to binary

  • signed (bool, optional) – Make size signed vs. unsigned (applicable only with format=”ascii”), defaults to False

  • full_range (bool, optional) – If enabled the field mutates through all possible values, defaults to False

  • fuzz_values (list, optional) – List of custom fuzz values to add to the normal mutations, defaults to None

  • fuzzable (bool, optional) – Enable/disable fuzzing of this primitive, defaults to true

boofuzz.Byte(*args, **kwargs)[source]

The byte sized bit field primitive.

Parameters
  • name (str, optional) – Name, for referencing later. Names should always be provided, but if not, a default name will be given, defaults to None

  • default_value (int, optional) – Default integer value, defaults to 0

  • max_num (int, optional) – Maximum number to iterate up to, defaults to None

  • endian (char, optional) – Endianness of the bit field (LITTLE_ENDIAN: <, BIG_ENDIAN: >), defaults to LITTLE_ENDIAN

  • output_format (str, optional) – Output format, “binary” or “ascii”, defaults to binary

  • signed (bool, optional) – Make size signed vs. unsigned (applicable only with format=”ascii”), defaults to False

  • full_range (bool, optional) – If enabled the field mutates through all possible values, defaults to False

  • fuzz_values (list, optional) – List of custom fuzz values to add to the normal mutations, defaults to None

  • fuzzable (bool, optional) – Enable/disable fuzzing of this primitive, defaults to true

boofuzz.Bytes(name=None, default_value=b'', size=None, padding=b'\x00', max_len=None, *args, **kwargs)[source]

Primitive that fuzzes a binary byte string with arbitrary length.

Parameters
  • name (str, optional) – Name, for referencing later. Names should always be provided, but if not, a default name will be given, defaults to None

  • default_value (bytes, optional) – Value used when the element is not being fuzzed - should typically represent a valid value, defaults to b””

  • size (int, optional) – Static size of this field, leave None for dynamic, defaults to None

  • padding (chr, optional) – Value to use as padding to fill static field size, defaults to b”x00”

  • max_len (int, optional) – Maximum string length, defaults to None

  • fuzzable (bool, optional) – Enable/disable fuzzing of this primitive, defaults to true

boofuzz.Word(*args, **kwargs)[source]

The 2 byte sized bit field primitive.

Parameters
  • name (str, optional) – Name, for referencing later. Names should always be provided, but if not, a default name will be given, defaults to None

  • default_value (int, optional) – Default integer value, defaults to 0

  • max_num (int, optional) – Maximum number to iterate up to, defaults to None

  • endian (char, optional) – Endianness of the bit field (LITTLE_ENDIAN: <, BIG_ENDIAN: >), defaults to LITTLE_ENDIAN

  • output_format (str, optional) – Output format, “binary” or “ascii”, defaults to binary

  • signed (bool, optional) – Make size signed vs. unsigned (applicable only with format=”ascii”), defaults to False

  • full_range (bool, optional) – If enabled the field mutates through all possible values, defaults to False

  • fuzz_values (list, optional) – List of custom fuzz values to add to the normal mutations, defaults to None

  • fuzzable (bool, optional) – Enable/disable fuzzing of this primitive, defaults to true

boofuzz.DWord(*args, **kwargs)[source]

The 4 byte sized bit field primitive.

Parameters
  • name (str, optional) – Name, for referencing later. Names should always be provided, but if not, a default name will be given, defaults to None

  • default_value (int, optional) – Default integer value, defaults to 0

  • max_num (int, optional) – Maximum number to iterate up to, defaults to None

  • endian (char, optional) – Endianness of the bit field (LITTLE_ENDIAN: <, BIG_ENDIAN: >), defaults to LITTLE_ENDIAN

  • output_format (str, optional) – Output format, “binary” or “ascii”, defaults to binary

  • signed (bool, optional) – Make size signed vs. unsigned (applicable only with format=”ascii”), defaults to False

  • full_range (bool, optional) – If enabled the field mutates through all possible values, defaults to False

  • fuzz_values (list, optional) – List of custom fuzz values to add to the normal mutations, defaults to None

  • fuzzable (bool, optional) – Enable/disable fuzzing of this primitive, defaults to true

boofuzz.QWord(*args, **kwargs)[source]

The 8 byte sized bit field primitive.

Parameters
  • name (str, optional) – Name, for referencing later. Names should always be provided, but if not, a default name will be given, defaults to None

  • default_value (int, optional) – Default integer value, defaults to 0

  • max_num (int, optional) – Maximum number to iterate up to, defaults to None

  • endian (char, optional) – Endianness of the bit field (LITTLE_ENDIAN: <, BIG_ENDIAN: >), defaults to LITTLE_ENDIAN

  • output_format (str, optional) – Output format, “binary” or “ascii”, defaults to binary

  • signed (bool, optional) – Make size signed vs. unsigned (applicable only with format=”ascii”), defaults to False

  • full_range (bool, optional) – If enabled the field mutates through all possible values, defaults to False

  • fuzz_values (list, optional) – List of custom fuzz values to add to the normal mutations, defaults to None

  • fuzzable (bool, optional) – Enable/disable fuzzing of this primitive, defaults to true

Making Your Own Block/Primitive

Now I know what you’re thinking: “With that many sweet primitives and blocks available, what else could I ever conceivably need? And yet, I am urged by joy to contribute my own sweet blocks!”

To make your own block/primitive:

  1. Create an object that inherits from Fuzzable or FuzzableBlock

  2. Override mutations and/or encode.

  3. Optional: Create an accompanying static primitive function. See boofuzz’s __init__.py file for examples.

  4. ???

  5. Profit!

If your block depends on references to other blocks, the way a checksum or length field depends on other parts of the message, see the Size source code for an example of how to avoid recursion issues, and Be Careful. :)

class boofuzz.Fuzzable(name=None, default_value=None, fuzzable=True, fuzz_values=None)[source]

Bases: object

Parent class for all primitives and blocks.

When making new fuzzable types, one will typically override mutations() and/or encode().

mutations() is a generator function yielding mutations, typically of type bytes.

encode() is a function that takes a value and encodes it. The value comes from mutations() or default_value. FuzzableBlock types can also encode the data generated by child nodes.

Implementors may also want to override num_mutations() – the default implementation manually exhausts mutations() to get a number.

The rest of the methods are used by boofuzz to handle fuzzing and are typically not overridden.

Parameters
  • name (str, optional) – Name, for referencing later. Names should always be provided, but if not, a default name will be given, defaults to None

  • default_value (Any, optional) – Value used when the element is not being fuzzed - should typically represent a valid value. Can be a static value, or a ReferenceValueTestCaseSession, defaults to None

  • fuzzable (bool, optional) – Enable fuzzing of this primitive, defaults to True

  • fuzz_values (list, optional) – List of custom fuzz values to add to the normal mutations, defaults to None

property context_path

Dot-delimited string that describes the path up to this element. Configured after the object is attached to a Request.

encode(value, mutation_context)[source]

Takes a value and encodes/renders/serializes it to a bytes (byte string).

Optional if mutations() yields bytes.

Example: Yield strings with mutations() and encode them to UTF-8 using encode().

Default behavior: Return value.

Parameters
  • value – Value to encode. Type should match the type yielded by mutations()

  • mutation_context (MutationContext) – Context for current mutation, if any.

Returns

Encoded/serialized value.

Return type

bytes

property fuzzable

If False, this element should not be mutated in normal fuzzing.

get_mutations()[source]

Iterate mutations. Used by boofuzz framework.

Yields

list of Mutation – Mutations

get_num_mutations()[source]
get_value(mutation_context=None)[source]

Helper method to get the currently applicable value.

This is either the default value, or the active mutation value as dictated by mutation_context.

Parameters

mutation_context (MutationContext) –

Returns:

mutations(default_value)[source]

Generator to yield mutation values for this element.

Values are either plain values or callable functions that take a “default value” and mutate it. Functions are used when the default or “normal” value influences the fuzzed value. Functions are used because the “normal” value is sometimes dynamic and not known at the time of generation.

Each mutation should be a pre-rendered value. That is, it must be suitable to pass to encode().

Default: Empty iterator.

Parameters

default_value

property name

Element name, should be unique for each instance.

Return type

str

name_counter = 0
num_mutations(default_value)[source]

Return the total number of mutations for this element (not counting “fuzz_values”).

Default implementation exhausts the mutations() generator, which is inefficient. Override if you can provide a value more efficiently, or if exhausting the mutations() generator has side effects.

Parameters

default_value – Use if number of mutations depends on the default value. Provided by FuzzableWrapper. Note: It is generally good behavior to have a consistent number of mutations for a given default value length.

Returns

Number of mutated forms this primitive can take

Return type

int

original_value(test_case_context=None)[source]

Original, non-mutated value of element.

Parameters

test_case_context (ProtocolSession) – Used to resolve ReferenceValueTestCaseSession type default values.

Returns:

property qualified_name

Dot-delimited name that describes the request name and the path to the element within the request.

Example: “request1.block1.block2.node1”

render(mutation_context=None)[source]

Render after applying mutation, if applicable. :type mutation_context: MutationContext

property request

Reference to the Request to which this object is attached.

stop_mutations()[source]

Stop yielding mutations on the currently running mutations() call.

Used by boofuzz to stop fuzzing an element when it’s already caused several failures.

Returns

None

Return type

NoneType

class boofuzz.FuzzableBlock(name=None, request=None, children=None, *args, **kwargs)[source]

Bases: boofuzz.fuzzable.Fuzzable

Fuzzable type designed to have children elements.

FuzzableBlock overrides the following methods, changing the default behavior for any type based on FuzzableBlock:

  1. mutations() Iterate through the mutations yielded by all child nodes.

  2. num_mutations() Sum the mutations represented by each child node.

  3. encode() Call get_child_data().

FuzzableBlock adds the following methods:

  1. get_child_data() Render and concatenate all child nodes.

  2. push() Add an additional child node; generally used only internally.

Parameters
  • name (str, optional) – Name, for referencing later. Names should always be provided, but if not, a default name will be given, defaults to None

  • request (boofuzz.Request, optional) – Request this block belongs to, defaults to None

  • children (boofuzz.Fuzzable, optional) – List of child nodes (typically given to FuzzableBlock types)m defaults to None

encode(value, mutation_context)[source]

Takes a value and encodes/renders/serializes it to a bytes (byte string).

Optional if mutations() yields bytes.

Example: Yield strings with mutations() and encode them to UTF-8 using encode().

Default behavior: Return value.

Parameters
  • value – Value to encode. Type should match the type yielded by mutations()

  • mutation_context (MutationContext) – Context for current mutation, if any.

Returns

Encoded/serialized value.

Return type

bytes

get_child_data(mutation_context)[source]

Get child or referenced data for this node.

For blocks that reference other data from the message structure (e.g. size, checksum, blocks). See FuzzableBlock for an example.

Parameters

mutation_context (MutationContext) – Mutation context.

Returns

Child data.

Return type

bytes

mutations(default_value, skip_elements=None)[source]

Generator to yield mutation values for this element.

Values are either plain values or callable functions that take a “default value” and mutate it. Functions are used when the default or “normal” value influences the fuzzed value. Functions are used because the “normal” value is sometimes dynamic and not known at the time of generation.

Each mutation should be a pre-rendered value. That is, it must be suitable to pass to encode().

Default: Empty iterator.

Parameters

default_value

num_mutations(default_value=None)[source]

Return the total number of mutations for this element (not counting “fuzz_values”).

Default implementation exhausts the mutations() generator, which is inefficient. Override if you can provide a value more efficiently, or if exhausting the mutations() generator has side effects.

Parameters

default_value – Use if number of mutations depends on the default value. Provided by FuzzableWrapper. Note: It is generally good behavior to have a consistent number of mutations for a given default value length.

Returns

Number of mutated forms this primitive can take

Return type

int

push(item)[source]

Push a child element onto this block’s stack.

Parameters

item (Fuzzable) – Some wrapped Fuzzable element

Returns: None